How did I miss this current sense curcuit?

OnSemi NCP3020A dc-dcHere it is (right), in an app note for the OnSemi NCP3020A buck dc-dc converter controller, driving a bunch of leds.

It is used to turn the normally constant-output-voltage chip into a constant current chip.

Q2 to Q5 convert the voltage across Rcs (referenced to the positive rail) into a voltage across R3 referenced to the 0V rail.

ZDS1009 high-side current senseI had a search around to make sure I knew how it worked, and a Zetex (now Diodes) app note and data sheet cropped up describing ZDS1009, a monolithic equivalent to Q2 – Q5 (left – I say monolithic, but it might not be, as Zetex was a dab hand at ‘system-in-package’ before that was a thing).

Looks like this one works from a handful of volts up to 30V, and can take a bit of a pounding as, despite normally working at milliamps, maximum current is 1A.

Max output offset voltage is 4mV across R4, although apparently 70% of chips have an offset below 300μV.

The app note describes operation in detail.

Zetex clever turn-off speed-upAnd the app note also includes Zetex’ clever circuit for speeding up the turn off of a bipolar high-side switch (right).

TI INA193 to INA198 current sensorTo highlight a extremely clever current sense circuit, that can be powered from 2.7 – 18V while sensing current through a resisistor at −16 to +80V, take a look at Texas Instrument’s INA19x family (INA193 – INA198) (left).

OnSemi NCP3020A design note (DN05002/D)

ZDS1009 data sheet

ZDS1009 app note (AN32)

INA193 – INA198 data sheet

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